1. What is Helix?submitted by HelixFoundation to helixfoundation [link] [comments]
Helix Cognitive Computing GmbH is a Berlin-based strategic tech company, dedicated to creating a cutting-edge digital ecosystem for interconnecting Everyone and Everything. Helix aims to challenge the status quo by eliminating the need for intermediaries and central authorities, at virtually no cost. For more information, you can visit our website at www.hlx.ai.
2. What problem is Helix solving?
Helix solves problems associated with centralized systems and management. Rather than blindly relying on third-party promises, Helix builds trust by adopting public consensus mechanisms. Thus, it fosters the creation of endless new relationships and businesses that are more ‚direct‘ in nature. Helix enables the use of end-to-end encryption to emit secured data streams, implying that you can fully control which parties are authorized to access your messages or data.
By eliminating intermediaries, Helix enables trustless transactions. It is no longer required to blindly trust any intermediary, whether it is a storage or financial service provider, such as banks. An example includes the creation of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs) that are direct, peer-to-peer and organize their company through digital voting systems. This could be achieved for any organization using the HelixFramework involving no payment fees to Helix. The Helix Consensus Protocol is leveraged to achieve data integrity instead of that (for more information about the HelixTangle, please refer to the Whitepaper on our website: https://www.hlx.ai/whitepaper), i.e., transactions that have reached agreement are serialized to the ledger and are immutable.
3. What makes Helix different to others?
Helix is active in the Distributed Ledger Technologies DLT space with its own Peer-to-Peer (P2P) network protocol – not based on Blockchain principles. The Helix Distributed Ledger is modeled as a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), a well-known data structure with excellent properties in terms of scalability.
5. What does decentralization mean?
Decentralization is a term used in network topology to describe the relations between different node types. Centralized systems typically consist of a client-server architecture or slave nodes listening to a coordinator.
Decentralization promotes the elimination of unnecessary intermediaries, from the transfer of value between persons and things.
6. What is Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT)?
Distributed Ledger Technology encompasses an extensive database consisting of synchronized digital records. Examples of records maintained by DLTs include monetary transactions (e.g., Bitcoin Blockchain), titles and rights to intellectual property, creative content, music, votes, healthcare records, and other sensitive or confidential material.
7. What is a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG)?
A Directed Acyclic Graph is a particular type of graph consisting of nodes connected to each other by directed edges. The term ‘Directed’ refers to the idea that edges have directions (like a street map), while ‘Acyclic’ implies that it is not possible to walk from a node X and return to X without going back on a previously used edge (for example no U-turns!).
8. What is a P2P Network?
The architecture of most computer applications on the internet is two-tiered. In a two-tiered architecture, there is a clear division between clients and servers. For example, a typical banking application allows a client to prepare transactions on his/her local machine, and upload the transaction to the bank's centralized server or database. In contrast to the two-tiered architecture of centralized applications, P2P systems equally distribute all aspects of the application across participants, which enables workloads, resources, and values to be shared, and additionally, eliminates the need for peers to trust central authorities.
9. What is “cognition”?
The word cognition derives from the Latin term cognosco which means 'to conceptualize'. Cognition can be defined as the mental act of acquiring and understanding knowledge through senses, experience, and thought.
10. What does “cognitive computing” mean?
Cognitive computers imitate human intelligence by processing data with a set of rules and procedures that can be updated iteratively, based on the value of the incoming data on an asneeded basis. Cognitive computing systems can provide highly accurate descriptions of visual and linguistic data, just like humans. A developing cognitive computer system relies on machine learning strategies, and the scientific study of biological systems, including their cognitive abilities that sustain autonomous, self-driven learning.
11. How is Helix funded today and do you plan an ICO – when?
Currently, Helix is funded by global private and institutional investors. In order to optimize its strategy and operations to the interest of both public (i.e. community) and professional investors, Helix decides to defer its ICO until a better perception in the markets evolves. Helix also intends to evaluate other forms of global coin distribution models where the public audience would be involved in schemes similar to Bounty Programs or Air Drops rather than an ICO. For more detailed information about ICO and Coins, please refer to the Helix ICO & Coins Quick Facts on our website: https://hlx.ai/whitepaper.
12. What is a cryptocurrency after all?
A cryptocurrency is a digital means of payment created and transferred using cryptographic principles, to enable a decentralized and secure payment system.
13. What is HLX?
HLX is the cryptocurrency developed by Helix Cognitive Computing.
14. Why is HLX called "Cognitive Cryptocurrency"?
Every transaction initiated in the HelixTangle results from the process of cognition. Helix uses cognitive scientific methods for purposes of security and validation in the network. For example, in order to approve or validate a transaction, Helix introduces the first ever transaction ledger in the crypto world, which secures transactions using artificial intelligence techniques such as decentralized deep learning, a unique ability to understand, reason and learn about cyber-attacks and threats.
15. Who can use HLX?
HLX is for everyone and everything. You do not need to create a large valued transaction to use the HelixTangle. And since there is no fee, both people and machines can attach their micro-valued transactions to the HelixTangle. Thus, the HelixTangle can be used for machineto-machine settlement, person-to-machine, or machine-to-person payments.
16. Who needs HLX?
The HLX coin is the means of digital exchange in the HelixTangle.
17. How I can mine HLX and how expensive are the transaction fees?
You cannot "mine" the HelixTangle because the Helix protocol does not require intermediaries like miners. The upshot is that the HelixTangle does not waste valuable resources like energy or natural space. Regarding transaction fees, there are none!
18. How are HLX created?
The HLX amount was set in advance by a human council. The sum is set in advance in the code and implemented in the HelixTangle. The Total Coin Supply is calculated from (244 * 244).
19. What is the maximum number of HLX Coins that can be in circulation?
Our maximum amount will be 4,292,493,394,837,504 HLX or 4,292,493,394 mHLX. We also tend to say, in short, but imprecisely: "The total supply is approximately 4,3 petaHLX".
20. What is the difference between mHLX and HLX?
Because the number 4,292,493,394,837,504 HLX is rather inconvenient to use, we count in millions of HLX, calling that unit mHLX (“Mega Helix”).
So the integer of the total coin supply divided by a million results in the total mHLX supply of 4,292,493,394 mHLX.
21. Is the HLX supply infinite?
The HLX coin supply is finite, not infinite. In other words, there are a limited number of HLX coins. In contrast to the Keynesian economic models of most states, the HLX coin supply is not inflationary because no one can “print money” as they need it, and arbitrary coins are never generated.
22. On which exchange platforms for trading HLX will be available?
To be announced after the ICO.
23. Where can I store my HLX?
Once the HLX coins are prepared for transfer to third parties, you can store your HLX inside the HelixWallet software that will be provided in time for the coin transfers.
24. Is Helix' focus on the HLX coin or the Tangle?
First and foremost, Helix is not about the cryptocurrency but rather a protocol for introducing next-generation technology in decentralized distributed computing. It can be said that the cryptocurrency HLX is a necessity to our peer-to-peer network. To be able to tap the full potential of the HelixTangle you need currency. It is not possible to pay with fiat money on the Tangle, and this is not a plan.
25. Is the HelixNetwork better than a Blockchain P2P network?
Yes. Advantages of the HelixNetwork over traditional Blockchain P2P networks include:
New transactions in the Tangle confirm two previous transactions. This makes the Tangle infinitely scalable. Blockchain, on the other hand, sees several transactions packed into one block and these blocks are charged every ten minutes.
27. What is unique about the Tangle?
The HLX coin can be used like any other cryptocurrency. The network protocol was specially designed to connect devices. Companies and people gather data every day with a myriad of devices such as weather sensors or sensors in machinery and healthcare. But almost every piece of information is not used or recycled. The HelixNetwork can tackle it in two ways: It can save data in a way, such that no one other than yourself has access to the data. Moreover, it allows a free transaction between the owner and the one who wants to acquire the data. While we already realize how relevant data is at present, in the future, data will play an even more significant role.
28. How is data stored in the Tangle?
Suppose you want to send a JPG file to someone. First, your picture will be split into several parts and stored in a special field of various Helix transactions.
To send data or communicate with someone on the HelixTangle, you store data in the shared, public version of the Tangle for a limited amount of time. When you, or someone else you authorize, retrieve the data, you are reading the data directly from the HelixTangle in its most current state. The transactions containing your data will not be removed until a snapshot, which is like sending data off into oblivion. After the data has been forgotten, all transaction objects valued at 0 are deleted from the shared, public HelixTangle. If someone would want to read your data from the HelixTangle, that would mean that they must take the precisely same walk through the graph you already did, and only then they would recover the original walk, or message, or data. To simplify this process and stay up to certain privacy requirements, we use a module called Masked Authenticated Messaging. It enables a private, public or restricted encrypted data stream, wherein the restricted scheme, for instance, a channel identifier key and a private key would be required to access the data stream.
29. Is the data stored in the Tangle or does the data only pass through the Tangle?
To be certain of the correctness of your data, in other words, to achieve data integrity, it is mandatory that data is stored in the Tangle. Due to Proof of Work requirements and confirmation times, this could lead to problems in a scenario like a messaging app, where remotely instant data transfer is required. In these cases, it is recommended to use an overlay network like Flash. Flash enables the creation of a multi-signature wallet (that holds a balance predefined by the parties) by two or more parties that trust each other. Transactions in a flash channel are almost instant, with delays only associated to network propagation. When the channel is closed by the parties, the last state of the balances of the parties is synchronized to the Tangle. This procedure eliminates a lot of overhead, supports scalability of the overall system, i.e., the HelixNetwork and enables a tremendous throughput of transactions.
30. How is the data sent?
You can use the interface provided in the official HelixWallet. Using the Interface, you will be able to publish data into the Tangle and restrict access to your needs.
31. What are possible use cases for the HelixTangle?
To give a few examples:
It is not entirely necessary to own HLX to use the Tangle. In the future, you will be able to use the Helix Tangle to store and send your data to other people securely.
33. When will the HelixTangle / Network be available?
The MainNet should be launched in Q1 of 2019.
34. How can I synchronize with Helix' progress?
To keep up to date, you can follow our Social Media Accounts, or get informed through our website and Discord server.
Helix is active on the following Social Media Platforms:
35. What are Helix' intentions regarding Post-Quantum-Cryptography?
Helix’ proof of work is minimal which means the difference of performance between a quantum computer (QC) and a normal computer is minimal (~QC would be roughly 100 times more efficient than an average everyday computer, in blockchain a QC would be 14 billion times more efficient than a high-end mining pool). The difference is great.
Helix uses Schnorr signatures, which are based on the discrete logarithm problem. It achieves high performance and privacy standards and is widely studied and accepted in the industry. The problem is it’s susceptibility to quantum computations (to be more specific Shor’s algorithm implementation on QCS). Although we see the quantum era as a massive threat to existing cryptographic methods, we are sure of the fact that certain attacks, which are currently only theoretically modeled, will need a few more years to become practical enough for sufficient incentive of an adversary. While Helix is determined to come up with solutions for the quantum era, we decide to take a route quite different from our predecessor. Instead of publishing “quantum proof” algorithms (that the scientific community hasn’t had a chance to study yet), now in a time where there is no practical QC attack, seems kind of premature. In a realm, where trust is the highest good, seems premature.
The general idea is to use, what achieves the best performance and security standards today, while initiating the research needed to sustain all of the computing eras that lie ahead.
36. What Helix areas and brands are worth to know?
|What was one of the things you never thought the internet would be used for, but has actually become one of the main reasons people use the internet?||Kittens.|
|Edward Snowden- Hero or Villain?||Because he ✓ had no other alternative ✓ engaged as a journalist / with a journalist to be careful of how what was released, and ✓ provided an important net overall benefit to the world, I think he should be protected, and we should have ways of protecting people like him. Because we can try to design perfect systems of government, and they will never be perfect, and when they fail, then the whistleblower may be all that saves society.|
|Did you ever think that the internet would get this big?||Yes, I more or less had it nailed down when it comes to the growth curve. I didn't get it completely right --- 25 years ago I was predicting Id be asked to do an AMA on reddit next wek, but it turned out to be this week. Well, we all make mistakes.|
|(no of course not)|
|Do you think in the (not too distant) future we'll look back and think ourselves lucky to have witnessed a neutral, free, and uncensored world wide web?||I think it is up to us. I'm not guessing, I'm hoping. Yes, I can imagine that all to easily. If ordinary web users are not sufficiently aware of threats and get involved and if necessary take to the streets like for SOPA and PIPA and ACTA. On balance? I am optimistic.|
|Tim, What other names did you consider other than the world wide web?||Mine of Information, The Information Mine, The Mesh.|
|None had quite the right ring. I liked WWW partly because I could start global variable names with a W and not have them clash with other peoples' (in a C world) ...in fact I used HT for them)|
|Tim Berners-Lee just left a parenthesis unclosed...||Guilty (well, unopened, actually. Here is an extra one to make up.|
|A lot of people think that your calls for an open web are a bit hypocritical considering your support for the HTML5 DRM spec. What would you tell them?||I would suggest to them the DRM question is not that simplistic. People want to watch big movies. DRM is a pain in many ways, but if you have used Netflix or bought a DVD or a bluray, then DRM is part of your life. I agree DRM is a pain in many ways, and should only be used for very "high value" streams. I also would point out that Copyright, DMCA aand CFAA in the US are seriously broken, and need fixing separate from the DRM question. Actually I would get involved with a very long complicated discussion, as I have already with many people. Not sure we have space here. Other points include the the browsers have putt DRM in -- they have to to keep market share -- irrelevant of whether the HTML specs make the connection to the web more standard.|
|Link to w3cmemes.tumblr.com|
|What web browser do you use?||My default browser at the moment is Firefox. I also use Safari, Opera and Chrome each a reasonable amount. Firefox has the Tabulator plugin which does neat things with linked data. If I am running a latest version of that (I check it straight out of github) which can be unstable, I'll use one of the others for things which need to be stable. Joe Presbrey ported the plugin to Chrome too BTW|
|How do you feel about the supposed dark side of the internet, such as the black markets? (Silk Road etc.)||Complicated question. I am not a great expert on them. Simple answers include of course that illegal things are crimes on or off the web. But anonymity is tricky. We have a right to be anonymous as a whistle-blower or under an oppressive regime but not when we are bullying someone? How can we build technical/social/judicial systems for determining which right is more important in any given case? Relates to tor...|
|What was your first computer?||I got a M6800 evaluation kit in 1976, and built a bunch of 3U high cards, put them in a rack with a car battery in the bottom of the crate as UPS. All hand-soldered on veroboard, and programmed in hex. 7E XX XX was a long jump, and 20 XX a relative jump IIRC. The display was an old TV and some logic and a bunch of discarded calculator buttons lovingly relabeled with transfer letters. Those were the days...|
|Is it true that error 404 came to be as a result of there not being a room 404 in the office you were working at?||No. Nonsense.|
|Why does no one mention Robert Cailliau anymore when it comes to the www? Didn't both of you invent it?||Robert didn't invent it. I invented it by myself, and coded it up on a NeXT, but Robert was the first convert to it, and a massive supporter. He got resources together at CERN, helped find students, gave talks. He also later wrote some code for a Mac browser called "Samba". He also put a lot of energy into persuading the CERN directorate that CERN should declare that it would not charge royalties for the WWW, which it did April 1993.|
|Do you ever look at the stuff on the web now and feel like Robert Oppenheimer?||No, not really. The web is a -- primarily neutral -- tool for humanity. When you look at humanity you see the good and the bad, the wonderful and the awful. A powerful tool can be used for good or ill. Things which are really bad are illegal on the web as they are off it. On balance, communication is good think I think: much of the badness comes from misunderstanding.|
|Where do you think the web will end up in the next 25 years?||It is up to us. It is an artificial creation, as are our laws, and our constitutions ... we can chose how they work. We can make new ones. Our choice.|
|Have you learned to spell referrer yet ?||No, my speling is still terible. Hopefully not to much or it will get into header field names without some review at this stage!|
|Who was your role model as a kid?||My parents, who met building the first computer commercialized in the UK - the Ferranti Mk 1, and some of the people they worked with, my math teacher Frank Grundy, chem teacher Daffy...|
|'Math'? You're letting the side down, TBL.||S/math/maths/g|
|While the web has advanced a lot in the last 25 years, a lot of the user-facing machinery remains the same. My web browser, for example, is faster and has some different functionality, but it still feels very much like Netscape Navigator did in 1994. Do you have any ideas about how interface for the web could change in a real, transformational way?||I think that is a really good question. I don't have the answer off the top of my head. Also think when your vision can be completely surrounded with pixels so small you can't see them, a very powerful interface -- how cna we use that -- and to be creative together, not just watch? Inter-creativity I called it early on. Still don't have it.|
|Something I've been wondering for a while: did the name "World Wide Web" have anything to do with the "WorldWeb" in Dan Simmons' 1989 novel "Hyperion"? (the timing is a funny coincidence if not)||No, didn't read that|
|Did you ever post a picture of your cat?||Dog: Yes, Cat: No.|
|Given your work at the World Wide Web Consortium and support of Internet decentralization, what are your thoughts on the W3C Web Payments Community Group and their effort to standardize web payments using Bitcoin and other digital currencies(Link to spectrum.ieee.org What impact, if any, do you think digital currencies might have on how value is sent over the Internet?||I think that it is important to have lots of different ways getting money to creative people on the net. So if we can have micropayment user interfaces which make it easy for me to pay people for stuff they write, play, perform, etc, in small amounts, then I hope that could be a way allowing people to actually make a serious business out of it. Flattr I found an interesting move in that direction.|
|What are your thoughts on the increased surveillance on internet based mediums like GCHQ's monitoring of all the Yahoo video chats. Do you personally think it should be controlled, non existent or fine the way it is now?||I think that some monitoring of the net by government agencies is going to be needed to fight crime. We need to invent a new system of checks and balances with unprecedented power to be able to investigate and hold the agencies which do it accountable to the public.|
|Do you still have an interest in trainspotting?||Still like trains, travel on them when I can and when in a country which has gotten its train act together.|
|I dont really have anything to ask, i'd just want to thank you. Alright.. maybe one question. What site do visit on a daily basis?||W3.org Since the beginning W3C has worked in the web. "If it isn't on the web it doesn't exist" when it comes to discussing things in meetings etc.|
|An Internet Bill of Rights feels like a nice concept, but even with the right intentions, it also feels like it centralizes power. And the goal of the Web today is to decentralize power. Can you explain how the two might balance?||Funny - I don't see how a bill of rights (like the right to connect with whoever you want to) centralizes power. I think is lays the basis for steering laws, and governments are rather centralized things, but rights constrain governments for the benefit of individuals.|
|How do you see Edward Snowden?||(see below)|
|Mr. Berners-Lee, the first picture on the WWW is a group of women from CERN at what appears to be a party. Is there a story behind them?||Actually it was a lot of cheek (which he has a lot of) for Silvano to suggest that was the first picture on the web. There is no evidence to that effect, apart from that he has got away with it so far. The original NeXT browser would allow you to link HTML files to all kinds of things, movies, images, sounds. (Cool machine, the NeXT) . So people may very early on have put all kinds of things up. I tended to use HTML with talks, with links to diagrams as (typically) postscript. Les Horribles Cernettes were a band where Silvano played and did AV, and the girls in question sang. Silvano is and was a very creative individual in many ways, music, movies, code. etc... and a great spirit (whether or not it really was the first photo!)|
|You talked recently about having a "Magna Carta" of sorts for the web. How do you envision that sort of system working?||Well, what do you think? Crowdsource a bill of rights at the very high level -- values level -- globally, non-nationally, in the first half of this year, and then in the second half of the year in each country make a list of the changes to the national system which will be necessary to implement it? That is plan A I think. See webwewant.org|
|How did you feel being shown off so elaborately during the London Olympics?||That show was a lot of fun. Danny Boyle is really nice, working with 15,000 other volunteers was amazing, also being able to be in the stadium and meet other people backstage. Like a massive amateur musical. Just pulled together at the last minute. And I liked it that it was poking fun on the weather and not skipping the downsides of things like the industrial evolution, not all upbeat.|
|Hi Tim we began a campaign last year to establish a Universal Declaration of Digital Rights (www.uddr.org) as a natural extension of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the digital age. We have a detailed plan on how to achieve this and are poised to kick it off presently. Is this something you would be interested in supporting and if so how can we work with you on this?||Cool -- that is very much in line with what we want people to do with the webwewant.org campaign and webat25.org .. all these things should coordinate and join forces, it seems.|
|What is the thing your most proud of about the world wide web?||The wonderful global collaborative spirit of all the people who turned up to help build it and build things on it.|
|ISO-8601 for easy sorting!||My mother taught me that order. She picked it up when she was an astronomer I think. It is only logical.|
|In fact be W3C standards compliant its YYY-MM-DD.|
|[In fact I tweaked the rdflib.js turtle parser to parse naked dates in that format to date objects just like numeric literals: it is so handy in inputting random data. [Link to github.com would like to see it in JSON too]]|
|Google scholar I think is a move in the right direction. We have JSTOR etc now but I dislike due to costs to read, not super awesome interface, not inclusive of all/many good published relevant articles, etc. I think lots of room for improvement.||JSTOR is fine for you if someone else -- your University -- pays your subscription. Not if you are an independent scholar, school kid, or bright excited online poor person.|
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